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Clinical Trials to Test the Effectiveness of Treatment, Preventive, and Services Interventions (Collaborative R01 Clinical Trial Required)




March 2, 2021



February 15, 2024



Award Floor:


Match Required?





Entity Types:

State governments, County governments, City or township governments, Special district governments, Independent school districts, Public & State controlled institutions of higher education, Native American tribal governments (Federally recognized), Public housing authorities, Native American tribal organizations, Nonprofits (with 501(c)(3) status), Nonprofits (without 501(c)(3) status)

Other Eligible Applicants include the following: Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions; Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institutions (AANAPISISs); Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government; Faith-based or Community-based Organizations; Hispanic-serving Institutions; Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs); Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Other than Federally Recognized); Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Organizations); Regional Organizations; Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs) ; U.S. Territory or Possession.




Source Type:


This is a reissue of RFA-MH-18-700: Clinical Trials to Test the Effectiveness of Treatment, Preventive, and Services Interventions (Collaborative R01-- Clinical Trial Required). This FOA is a key element of NIMHs set of FOAs to support clinical trials research across the intervention development and testing pipeline. The FOA supports (1) clinical trials to test the effectiveness of optimized therapeutic and preventive interventions for use in community and practice settings; and (2) clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness of patient-, provider-, organizational-, or systems-level services interventions to improve access, continuity, quality, equity, and/or value of mental health services. This FOA is intended to support trials that: address a significant problem, such that the findings have potential to inform practice; are adequately powered to definitively answer the primary research question(s), with well-justified hypotheses supported by pilot data; and are designed to examine questions regarding mediators and moderators of effects. Consistent with the NIMH experimental therapeutics approach, this FOA is intended to support effectiveness trials that explicitly address whether the intervention engages the target(s)/mechanism(s) presumed to underlie the intervention effects (i.e., the mechanism(s) that accounts for changes in clinical/functional outcomes, changes in provider behavior, improved access or continuity of services, etc.). The collaborative R01 mechanism provides support for multisite trials when two or more sites are necessary for completion of the trial (e.g., to increase sample size, accelerate recruitment, or increase sample diversity and representation).

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