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Science of Science: Discovery, Communication and Impact




September 22, 2019



February 12, 2024



Award Floor:


Match Required?





Entity Types:

Public & State controlled institutions of higher education, Nonprofits (with 501(c)(3) status), Native American tribal governments (Federally recognized), For profit organizations other than small businesses, City or township governments, County governments, State governments




Source Type:


The Science of Science:Discovery, Communication and Impact (SoS:DCI) program is designed to advance theory and knowledge about increasing the public value of scientific activity. Science of Science draws from multiple disciplinary and field perspectives to advance theory and research about scientific discovery, communication and impact. SoS:DCI welcomes proposals applying rigorous empirical research methods to advance theory and knowledge on: The social and structural mechanisms of scientific discovery. Theories, frameworks, models and data that improve our understanding of scientific communication and outcomes. The societal benefits of scientific activity and how science advances evidence-based policy making and the creation of public value. The SoS:DCI program, which expands upon the formerScience of Science and Innovation Policy (SciSIP)program, funds research that builds theoretical and empirical understanding of the social science of science. SoS:DCI welcomes proposals to conduct research at the individual, organizational and institutional levels or from micro, meso and macro scales and complex system levels. SoS:DCI encourages multiple disciplinary perspectives, interdisciplinary research and diverse methodological approaches in the pursuit of new knowledge to advance the science of science and evidence-based policy making. With these goals in mind, proposals should: Draw from and advance theory, knowledge and frameworks on the science of science. Develop models, data, indicators and associated analytical tools that constitute and enable transformative advances rather than incremental change. Provide credible rigorous assessments of the proposed projects impact and social and policy implications. Include robust data management plans with the goal of advancing open science and increasing public access to usable, valid and reliable scientific materials. Of particular interest are proposals with the potential to strengthen Americas global leadership in science and increase national competitiveness across a broad range of domains. These include proposals that analyze strategies for strengthening and diversifying the scientific workforce, as well as ways to cultivate high-impact discovery across sectors.The program strongly encourages convergent research and collaboration. In addition to intellectual merit, the program strongly encourages potential PIs to carefully consider the broader impacts of their work. The broader impacts criterion encompasses the potential to benefit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired policy outcomes.The Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate has released additional guidance on broader impacts for SBE proposals. The SoS:DCI program places a high priority on broadening participation in the sciences. It encourages participation from junior faculty, women and members of historically underrepresented groups, as well as proposals from Minority Serving Institutions (MSIs), Research Undergraduate Institutions (RUIs) and institutions in EPSCoR states. The program also encourages diverse and inclusive research teams. SoS:DCI supports the following types of proposals: Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research A Science of Science Approach to Analyzing and Innovating the Biomedical Research Enterprise (SoS:BIO) Conference Grants SoS:DCI also participates in certain specialized funding opportunities through NSFs cross-cutting and cross-directorate activities.

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